Around 1200 B.C. ancient Mexico have their first complex society emerged in the southeastern part of the country, through Olmec people. They were later followed by the Maya, the Toltec, and the Aztec people.Ancient societies of Mexico built phenomenal cities, pyramid and astonishing works of art, and even studied the stars and planets to calculate when to plant crops and hold ceremonies.
The Spanish arrived in Mexico In the early 1500s; the invaders brought smallpox and other diseases and obliviously infected Aztec people. Their capital Tenochtitlan was easily destroyed by the Spaniards and Spanish ruled Mexico until 1821.
Mesoamerican art is that produced in an area that embraces much of what is now central and southern Mexico, before the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire for a period of about 3000 years from 1500 BCE to 1500 CE.Because they were ruled by the Spaniards their art production are influenced also, their art heavily tied to religion and the ruling class. There was little to no real distinction among art, architecture, and writing. Many of the techniques used to create these ancient pieces survive today.
Mexico is the product of a rich Indian heritage; most Mexicans are mestizos, which means they have a mix of Indian and Spanish blood.