Identified with fertility, pregnancy and child birth and are sometimes associated with sex or related attributes.The swollen belly and large breasts represents the fertility of the people and the land upon which they lived. Their statutes would be set beside the beds of couples so that they might work in their favor.
THE HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION In approximately 1600 BC, the Indus Valley, which spanned the expanse between Pakistan and India, cradled one of the earliest urban civilizations for its ready access to water. Irrigation and agriculture soon developed, allowing more time for people to devote themselves to higher learnings in philosophy, arts and crafts and spirituality.
At its peak, it became known as the Harappan Civilization by 2,300 BC, its cities had developed into the first urban centers in the region and reached a population 5 million, with efficient urban planning and municipal governments in place, high priority was given on hygiene and access to religious rituals. It began its decline five centuries later.
Sukhothai kingdom former kingdom, north-central Thailand, It was founded in the mid 13th century when a local Tai ruler led a revolt against Khmer rule. It remained only a small local power until its third ruler, Ramkhamhaeng, inherited the kingdom c. 1279.
He extended its power to the south onto the Malay Peninsula, to the west into what is now Myanmar (Burma), and to the northeast into present day Laos. On his death in 1298 the kingdom began to lose its power, and in 1438 it was absorbed into the kingdom of Ayutthaya. Their ceramics in the pattern of nature and animals were popular between the 11th and 13th centuries.
The term Sawankhalok covers the production of many hundreds of kilns of central Thailand. It is frequently used interchangeably with the term “Si Satchanalai”, but refers to a wider area not covered by specific Si Satchanalai kilns. For more information about these specific kilns of Si Satchanalai, see the map spot “Si Satchanalai”.
Sawankhalok was in full production by the mid-1300s
Sawankhalok/Si Satchanalai clay is finer than Sukhothai clay and has many small black spots, due to the high iron content of the clay. Sometimes, the inclusions can be red or silver coloured. Like Sukhothai, Sawankhalok mainly created relatively simple shapes jars, bottles, kendis, bowls and plates.
The earliest Sawankhalok/Si Satchanalai wares included dishes decorated with underglaze iron depictions of flowers in the bases, with fish on the cavettos, and specimens of the flowers and fish design have been found on the Turiang shipwreck, dated to around 1370.
People are a civilization that existed on the Aegean islands from 3300-2000 BCE. They are best known for their mysterious sculptures that are of a stylization of the human form similar to modern art. This figure is a bronze replica of a Cycladic woman.