China is the world’s oldest civilizations. There were to dynasties in the history China each of which marks the period when a line of emperors ruled. The first empire was the Qin dynasty and began in 221 B.C. The last emperor was dethroned in 1912, and China became a republic. The communist government began its rule in 1949 following a civil war with the Chinese Nationalists.
Ancient China was a land of innovation. For centuries, China was in lead of most other countries in science and technology, astronomy, and math. The Chinese invented paper, the magnetic compass, printing, porcelain, silk, and gunpowder, among other things.
Chinese culture has fascinated many people from all over the world, the unique and exceptional as well as elegant and inspiring. Chinese art has a prosperous reserve of priceless ancient artifice that represents creativity of their people and culture, rare beauty and charm. Long before history was even recorded, the Chinese had already manifested their sophisticated taste of art through various art forms. Pottery, paintings, calligraphy, ancient cartoons, folk arts, paper cut are just a few examples that vividly disclose the vision and imagination of the people from this great country.
Chinese philosophers, poets and writers contributed greatly to preserving and promoting the Chinese culture. They were noted for documenting the suffering of the common people, who were often disadvantaged, much to the discontent of the authorities.